Gynaecological cancer refers to the five cancers that start in a woman’s reproductive system. Gynecologic cancers begin in different places within a woman’s pelvis, which is the area below the stomach and in between the hip bones.
Cancers that start in a woman's reproductive system are called gynaecological cancers. The treatment you need depends on where the cancer started.
Gynecologic oncology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer.
Types of Gynaecological Cancer:
» Cervical Cancer : Cervical cancer begins in the cervix, which is the lower, narrow end of the uterus. (The uterus is also called the womb.)
» Ovarian Cancer : Ovarian cancer begins in the ovaries, which are located on each side of the uterus.
» Uterine Cancer : Uterine cancer begins in the uterus, the pear-shaped organ in a woman’s pelvis where the baby grows when she is pregnant.
» Vaginal Cancer : Vaginal cancer begins in the vagina, which is the hollow, tube-like channel between the bottom of the uterus and the outside of the body.
» Vulvar Cancer : Vulvar cancer begins in the vulva, the outer part of the female genital organs.
There is no way to know for sure if you will get a gynecologic cancer. That’s why it is important to pay attention to your body and know what is normal for you, so you can recognize the warning signs or symptoms of gynecologic cancer.
Some common symptoms of gynecologic cancer tumors include:
» Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge is common on all gynecologic cancers except vulvar cancer.
» Feeling full too quickly or difficulty eating, bloating, and abdominal or back pain are common only for ovarian cancer.
» Pelvic pain or pressure is common for ovarian and uterine cancers.
» More frequent or urgent need to urinate and/or constipation are common for ovarian and vaginal cancers.
» Itching, burning, pain, or tenderness of the vulva, and changes in vulva color or skin, such as a rash, sores, or warts, are found only in vulvar cancer.
As with many types of cancer, the risk of developing head and neck cancer may be higher for patients exposed to certain environmental factors or who have a history with specific lifestyle behaviors, such as tobacco and alcohol use.
Risk factors for head and neck cancer include:
» Gender: Men are two to three times more likely than women to develop head and neck cancer.
» Certain illnesses: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), HPV and two inherited genetic syndromes—Fanconi anemia and dyskeratosis congenita—have been linked to head and neck cancer.
» Sun exposure: Prolonged sun exposure may increase the risk of lip and oral cancer.
» Radiation therapy: High doses of radiation therapy, particularly administered in the head and neck region, may increase the risk of developing this type of cancer.
Centre 1 : Asian Cancer Hospital
B1, Ashadeep Enclave, Nilay Kunj Road, Jaipur (INDIA)
Centre 2 : Metro Mass Hospital
Shipra Path, Mansarovar, Jaipur (INDIA)
Centre 3 : Jee Hospital
Opp. Metro Pillar No. 83, New Sanganer Road
Centre 4 : Asian Cancer Hospital
Sagar Vihar Colony, Vaishali Nagar, Ajmer (INDIA)