Medical oncology is branch of oncology that deals with Chemotherapy, Targeted therapy & Immunotherapy. We at ACRI handle more than 50 Chemotherapy, Targeted therapy and Immunotherapy per day.
As the name suggests Medical oncology is a division of oncology which takes care of medical needs of cancer patinets with medicines instead of surgery or radiation.The scope of work in Medical Oncology includes taking care of Preventive, Diagnsostic and Therapeutic needs of patients.
Medical oncology is not just administrating chemotherapy but the scope of work is much more beyond it. It begins right at the time when the patient first walks into our centre and much before chemotherapy is planned like deciding what vaccination needs to be given to the patient. Cancer Patients are generally very weak and immune compromised and are at risk of various life threatening infections. So many among all, needs to be vaccinated so that they do not succumb to these infections later on during course of their disease.
A good medical oncology practice is not just administrating chemotherapy and getting over with it but also providing excellent supportive care so that the patient can tolerate the therapy with minimal side effects and minimum breaks and hence, maximizing the results. The latest in the field of supportive care like growth factor, pegylated growth factors, erythropoietins etc. are incorporated with the treatment plan of the patient, where ever indicated. So that he/she tolerates the treatment well.
Needless to say, medical oncology is the backbone of cancer treatment. More than 85% of the cancer patients require chemo therapy and/or targeted therapies during the course of their disease. Sometime chemotherapy is administrated up front to decrease the size of primary tumour to facilitate other modalities to work like Surgery or Radiotherapy. It may also be given concurrent with radiotherapy, where it improves the results.